What is Islam?
Islam is not a new religion as the majority of people think. It is the final message about the same truth which Allah (God) revealed through the messengers He sent to different nations at different times and places. This is clearly reflected in the Prophet hadith (saying):
“The similitude of mine and that of the Apostles (before me) is that of a person who constructed a building and he built it fine and well and the people went round it saying: Never have we seen a building more imposing than this. But for one brick, and I am that brick (with which you give the finishing touch to the building).” Sahih Muslim 2286.
Mohammed, the Messenger of Allah, describes the connection between Him and the previous messengers. It is evident from the above hadith that Islam is the final massage on the same topic “there is only one God who is worthy of worship”.
Islam can be defined in varying ways. The following are different definitions:
  1. The most comprehensive definition of Islam was given by prophet Mohammed (peace be up on Him) as follows:
To bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Mohammed is His messenger; perform salat (prayer); pay zakat; fast Ramadan and perform Hajj for those who are able. This definition lists the five pillars of Islam as follows:
  1. Shahadatayn “bearing witness that there is no God but Allah and that Mohammed is His messenger (final messenger)”.
  2. Salat (prayer): the five daily prayers.
  3. Zakat: in Arabic, zakat means blessing, purity, growth and reform. In Islam, zakat means the specific amount of money which every Muslim who is adult, mentally stable, free, and financially able has to pay to support specific categories people.
  4. Sawm (fasting) Ramadan.
  5. Hajj (pilgrimage).
  1. Islam means the voluntary submission to Allah (God) the Creator of the universe.
  2. It is the general system and comprehensive laws sent to Mohammed to deliver to humans.
  3. Islam is the answer for the three questions about which people wonder. They are:
  1. From where did we come here?
  2. Why are we here?
  3. What is our destination?